President Nana Akufo-Addo has launched a policy on antimicrobial use and its resistance as well as a corresponding action plan.

An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) also defines antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.

In March 2018, the Ghana Health Service (GHS) announced a new strain of tuberculosis which was not treatable with known antimicrobial medications. Although there are other drug-resistant strains in Ghana, there is a need to contain the new strains.

The policy, which was launched on Wednesday, 11 April, in Accra, will provide direction and guidance for all stakeholders who are affected by or use antimicrobial agents.

Minister of Health, Kwaku Agyeman-Manu, who spoke at the launch, said the 5-year policy and action plan will need $21 million dollars for its implementation.

He called on the president to champion the cause in the sub-region for a collective fight against antimicrobial resistance.

Meanwhile, President Akufo-Addo has charged overseeing agencies to ensure a smooth implementation of the national action plan and also move portions of the policy into legislation.

Source: Ghana/


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