Saturday, 13 April

Unsettling decline in Ghana's living standards

Feature Article
Korsi Dzokoto


Ghana, a nation with a rich cultural heritage and a promising future, finds itself at a critical juncture. Recent developments, including the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) stringent conditions and economic measures, have shed light on deeper issues plaguing the country. In this exploration, we unravel the intricate web of corruption and mismanagement, examining their role in contributing to the hardships faced by Ghanaians and the alarming decline in living standards.

Healthcare Woes

Ghana's healthcare system grapples with formidable challenges, evident in the disconcerting life expectancy trends. While there were notable improvements from 1990 to 2019, with life expectancy rising, the recent plateau at 63.8 years and subsequent decline in recent years raises serious concerns. These figures expose the inadequacies in Ghana's healthcare infrastructure and delivery, hindering the nation from achieving sustained progress in public health.

Comparisons with post-conflict societies such as Rwanda and Sudan further highlight the inefficiencies plaguing Ghana's healthcare sector. Despite investing significantly less per capita in healthcare, Rwanda and Sudan have surpassed Ghana in life expectancy, pointing to systemic issues of misallocation and misuse of resources. This stark contrast underscores the urgent need for strategic reforms and targeted investments in healthcare infrastructure, workforce training, and efficient resource management. Only through a comprehensive overhaul can Ghana aspire to bridge the existing healthcare disparities and provide its citizens with the quality of medical care essential for a thriving and resilient society.

Aging Population and Centenarians:

Ghana faces a critical challenge in its demographic landscape, particularly concerning the aging population. The revelation that 60% of Ghanaians retiring at 60 years succumb by their 65th birthday exposes a stark reality: the inadequacies of the healthcare system. This alarming statistic underscores a systemic failure to provide the necessary medical care and support for the elderly, resulting in premature deaths and a diminished quality of life for a significant portion of the population.

Moreover, the slow progress in the demographic of citizens above 65 years over the past 57 years reflects a persistent failure to extend the lifespan of Ghanaians effectively. With only 3.6% of the population in this age group, the country lags behind in ensuring the well-being and longevity of its citizens, indicative of broader healthcare challenges that need urgent attention.

Contrastingly, the abundance of centenarians in Hainan city, China, serves as a poignant reminder of what effective healthcare can achieve. In Hainan, where seven thousand centenarians thrive, the stark contrast with Ghana's struggle to increase the percentage of citizens above 65 years highlights not only the potential for longevity but also the profound impact that robust healthcare systems can have on the overall well-being and longevity of a population. Addressing these healthcare disparities is not only a matter of extending lifespans but also a fundamental aspect of ensuring a dignified and healthy aging process for the citizens of Ghana.

Economic Disparities and the Gini Coefficient

The Gini Coefficient, a poignant measure of economic inequality, serves as a revealing lens into the socio-economic landscape of Ghana. Over the past decades, from 1998 to the present, the coefficient has painted a disconcerting picture of the nation's economic trajectory. Witnessing a steady deterioration, it has now reached a concerning peak of 43.5%. This upward trend in inequality signifies a widening gap between the affluent and the marginalized, a trend that permeates various facets of society.

As the Gini Coefficient intensifies, so does the burden on the population. Escalating economic disparities exacerbate the challenges faced by the majority, contributing significantly to the overall decline in living standards. Basic necessities become increasingly elusive for those on the lower rungs of the socio-economic ladder, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and hindering social mobility. The strain on access to healthcare, education, and essential services deepens, casting a shadow over the prospects of a prosperous and equitable society.

Addressing the burgeoning Gini Coefficient is not just an economic imperative; it is a moral obligation to ensure fairness and justice within the nation. Urgent measures are required to mitigate this widening inequality gap, fostering an environment where prosperity is shared, and the well-being of every Ghanaian is prioritized. Only through concerted efforts to curb economic disparities can Ghana hope to uplift its citizens and forge a more inclusive and sustainable future.

The Nexus of Corruption and Mismanagement

Ghana finds itself ensnared in a complex web of challenges, and at the core of its predicament lies the pervasive issues of corruption and mismanagement. The conditions imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to address fiscal concerns inadvertently expose the deep-seated problems ingrained in the nation's governance structures. The interplay of mismanagement and corruption has forged a detrimental alliance, perpetuating a vicious cycle of economic instability and hampering crucial advancements in healthcare.

Mismanagement of resources, from public funds to essential services, underscores a lack of efficiency and strategic planning within the government. This, compounded by the corrosive impact of corruption, further exacerbates Ghana's woes. The diversion of funds intended for public welfare into the hands of the corrupt elite widens the gap between the privileged and the struggling, fueling societal disparities.

This nexus of corruption and mismanagement not only undermines economic progress but also directly impacts the healthcare sector. Scarce resources that could enhance medical facilities, improve infrastructure, and bolster healthcare services are siphoned away, leaving the vulnerable populace without adequate support. Breaking free from this debilitating cycle requires comprehensive reforms, stringent anti-corruption measures, and a commitment to transparent and accountable governance. Only through these concerted efforts can Ghana hope to untangle itself from the grip of corruption and mismanagement, fostering an environment conducive to sustainable development and equitable progress.

Rising Inflation, Plummeting Purchasing Power

The recent World Bank report on the economic crisis in Ghana adds another layer to the country's challenges, intensifying the concerns already raised in the analysis of healthcare, economic disparities, and corruption. The revelation that soaring inflation rates in 2022 propelled 850,000 Ghanaians into poverty amplifies the intricacies of the nation's struggles. The severe economic downturn, marked by a staggering year-on-year inflation surge from 14% to 54%, has had dire consequences on food security and poverty levels. The disproportionate impact on the poorest segments of the population is underscored by the report, emphasizing how the real purchasing power of Ghanaians has sharply declined. This economic crisis not only exacerbates existing healthcare and inequality challenges but also exemplifies the urgent need for holistic reforms that address the root causes of corruption, mismanagement, and economic disparities to ensure a more resilient and equitable future for Ghana.


Ghana stands at a crossroads, grappling with the consequences of corruption, mismanagement, and economic hardships. Addressing these challenges requires a concerted effort to reform governance structures, allocate resources efficiently, and prioritize the well-being of the citizens. Only through comprehensive and transparent reforms can Ghana hope to break free from the shackles of corruption, improve living standards, and build a sustainable and equitable future for its people.

Source: CC