Sunday, 25 February

Irregularities swallow GH¢12.8bn of public funds – A-G

The irregularities were uncovered in state institutions

The 2020 auditor-general’s report has uncovered that as of the time of compiling its report, total irregularities for the period stood at GH¢12,856,172,626, which included US$918,285,771.95 converted into cedis at the prevailing exchange rate of GH¢5.7602 to the US$1 as of 31 December 2020, €647,815.00 converted into Cedis at the prevailing exchange rate of GH¢7.0643 to €1 as of 31 December 2020 and £464,963.13 converted into Cedis at the prevailing exchange rate of GH¢7.8742 to £1 as of 31 December 2020.

It said the total irregularities figure of GH¢718,085,208 for 2016 increased to GH¢12,002,880,339 in 2017.

The irregularities declined by GH¢8,995,621,415 in 2018 to GH¢3,007,258,924.

However, the total irregularities increased by 81.8% from the 2018 figure of GH¢3,007,258,924 to GH¢5,468,398,431 in 2019.

During the period ending 31 December 2020, the total irregularities recorded a 135% or GH¢7,387,774,195 rise from GH¢5,468,334,006 in 2019 total irregularities figure to GH¢12,856,172,626 in 2020.

This, according to the report, was occasioned mainly by a surge of GH¢5,207,442,576 or 107% in outstanding debtors/loans/recoverable component of the total irregularities for the period ending 31 December 2020.

Outstanding Debts/ Loans Recoverable – GH¢10,067,170,560 7.

These irregularities represent trade debtors, staff debtors and outstanding loans. Included in this figure is an amount of GH¢5,487,969,144.11 due from customers for power supplies in respect of Forex Power Sales, Local Power Sales, Mines Power Sales, Other Local Power Sales, Government MDA’s Power Sales, and other Power Related Recoverables as at 31 December 2019.

Absence of effective debt collection policies, non-existence of credit controls to recover the debts and Management’s indifferent posture toward loan recovery contributed significantly to these anomalous conditions, the report said.

Also, it noted, improper maintenance of records on debtors, the absence of debtors’ ageing analyses, non-documentation of agreements stipulating the terms and conditions of loans, failure to ensure that loans are repaid and Management’s non-compliance with rules and regulations accounted for these irregularities.

The auditor-general said: “I recommended that Management of Public Boards, Corporations and other Statutory Institutions should strictly adhere to rules and regulations with regards to debts management. They should also put in place proper policies for the management of loans and other receivables as well as ensuring that loans and debts are repaid on due dates to avoid or minimise the occurrence of bad debts”.

Cash Irregularities – GH¢1,802,692,515 9.

Cash irregularities related to the misapplication of funds, nonretirement of imprest, payments not authenticated, payment of Board Allowances to Council Members without Ministerial approval, cash locked up in non-performing investments. 

Out of the total figure of GH¢1,802,692,515 cash irregularities, GH¢442,730,876.74 represented cash locked up in non-performing investment by SSNIT.

These occurred as a result of poor oversight responsibility  and nonexistent controls, the report said, adding: “Other contributory factors were finance officers’ failure  to properly file  and keep records, Management’s failure  to ensure the  security  and safety  of  vital  documents, non-maintenance of  returned cheque registers,  Management’s inertia  in  complying with procedures stipulated in the Public Financial Management Act, and poor accounting systems”.

The auditor-general, therefore, urged the Managements of  the Public Boards, Corporations  and other statutory institutions  to strengthen supervisory controls  over  their  finance officers,  and ensure that they adhere to the provisions of the Public Financial Management Act, 2016 (Act 921).

“I also recommended the authentication of all payment vouchers, prompt payment to the bank and full  retirement  of accountable imprest on due dates”.

Payroll Irregularities - GH¢9,574,765   

These lapses, according to the report, were caused by the failure of Management to exercise due diligence and the laxity of officers in charge of payroll validation in reviewing payment vouchers to ensure salaries were paid to only those who were entitled as well as payroll related irregularities. 

They were also caused by Management’s failure to notify banks to stop the payment of unearned salaries, it noted. 

The Controller and Accountant General’s Department also did not promptly delete names of separated staff when notified to do so. In other instances, Management also did not transfer statutory deductions in respect of SSF contribution. Contained in the total irregularity  of  GH¢9,574,765 is  an amount of GH¢4,168,263 attributed to Ghana Railway Company Limited in respect of outstanding 1st and 2nd tier pensions contribution due from Management of Ghana Railway Company Limited  to SSNIT and other pension scheme managers.

“I advised the Management Teams of the affected  Institutions  to promptly notify  the bankers of the separated staff to withhold and pay to Government chest all  unearned salaries.  I  also recommended that officers in charge of payroll should exercise due  care in the discharge of their duties as well  as ensuring that 1st and 2nd tier contributions for their employees are promptly and regularly transferred to the various pension schemes”, the auditor-general said.

Procurement Irregularities – GH¢846,134,269

These irregularities occurred as a result of  Managements’ non-compliance with the provisions of the Public Procurement Act 2003, (Act 663). Out of the total irregularities, US$39,000,000.00 (GH¢224,647,800) represented award of  contract  without  following due processes  by  Management  of  Bulk  Oil  Storage  and Transportation Company Limited (BOST), the report said.

“I  once again recommended that  Managements of  the  various Institutions  should undertake procurement transactions strictly  in accordance with the provisions of the Public Procurement Act as amended”.

Tax Irregularities – GH¢29,201,677

The Tax irregularities related to failure to pay statutory tax deductions on due dates, and non-deduction of applicable taxes. They also related to transacting business with non-VAT registered persons or entities.  Out of the total tax irregularities of GH¢29,201,677,] an amount of GH¢12,449,542 is attributed to Architectural and Engineering Services Limited (AESL) for unremitted P.A.Y.E and VAT deducted.

“I recommended that the Finance Officers  should strictly  adhere to  the  tax  laws  to  ensure  that  all  tax  revenues are  promptly  collected and paid to the applicable revenue agencies”, the auditor-general said.

Stores Irregularities – GH¢11,591,519

These irregularities, per the report,  include non-documentation  of  store  items, lack of awareness of officers  assigned to store duties and inadequate supervision. Included in the sum of GH¢11,591,519 is an amount of GH¢11,581,019 worth of electrical  materials  that were given out on loan to eight (8)  beneficiary Companies. These materials  were issued out between 2014 and 2018 without any specific terms of agreement.

“I  recommended the  strengthening of  controls  over  store management and accounting, and also recommended strict adherence to Rules and Regulations that govern the effectual conduct of public financial business”, the auditor-general said.

Contract Irregularities – GH¢89,807,321

These mainly relate to  delay in construction projects  in the various Public Boards, Corporation and other statutory institutions.

The auditor-general, therefore, “urged Managements to  strengthen controls  over contracts and ensure that funds are available in order to engender speedy completion of earmarked projects”.

Audit Opinion

The financial  statements  submitted  for  validation  presented financial information  in accordance with  applicable statutory provisions, and my office was satisfied in all material respect that the financial  statements complied with  stated accounting policies  of the government  and is  in  accordance with  generally  accepted accounting standards and essentially consistent with that of the preceding year.

In my opinion all  the financial  statements  presented a true and fair view of the financial positions as of 31 December 2020, and financial  performance  of  the  organisations  for  the  period  ended 31 December 2020 except the Institute  of Local Government Studies and General Legal Council who had a qualified opinion expressed on their financial statements.

Accounts Submission

All the audited entities presented their financial statements for audit except National  Communications Authority, Bulk  Oil  Storage and Transportation  Company Limited  (BOST),  Institute  for  Scientific and Technological  Information (INSTI)  and Du-Bois  Centre  who did not submit their financial statements for audit during the time of our reviews  and as such my office  could not form an opinion on the financial statements of these four institutions. However, in the case of Ghana Technical Training Centre (GTTC) my office could not express opinion on its financial statements because they were submitted late.


As part of the processes of good governance, I urged the appointing Authorities to ensure that Board of Directors are constituted promptly for organisations having none. The absence of Governing Boards tends to delay the signing of the financial statements resulting in avoidable delays.

The operational results and financial positions of the Public Corporations  and other  Statutory  Institutions  during  the  period under review,  could have been healthier if there had been effective supervision of schedule officers.

I  reiterated my advice to Managements to strengthen their Internal  Audit  Units  to  ensure effective  and efficient  internal control systems.

I  also recommended that Managements should establish and strengthen the Audit Committees  within  the organisations in accordance with Sections 86 to 88 of the Public Financial Management Act, 2016 (Act 921) to ensure that audit recommendations are duly implemented.